real estate

New Sudanese cities wanted

September 7, 2021

In the context of building the modern Sudanese state, it is worth considering the re-planning of Sudanese cities, and by that I mean the urban map of the entire Sudanese state.

The re-planning of Sudanese cities has many dimensions, foremost of which is the economic dimension, of course.

The dimension related to national security however, is the most influential in the interdependence and unity of the Sudanese territory.

Although the country is now looking at the system of governance through the lens of region/state distribution, the planning of Sudanese cities should not be linked to the system of governance, because urban planning is technical work that focuses on the geographical, economic, and security dimensions more than the system of governance.

To implement this, I suggest dividing Sudanese cities into three levels:

The First Level

The central cities: they are the cities that represent the pillars of the state, just like the pillars of the house on which its structure rests.

One of the characteristics of these cities is that they can accommodate more than two million people inside and in their associated tropical metropolises. They have at least an international airport in addition to other facilities. Namely, Khartoum, al-Ubayyid, al-Fasher, Sennar, Port Sudan.

The Second Level

Major cities: They are cities with tropical metropolises surrounding them, and their population is within half a million and possibly contains an airport and other facilities.

Such places are Wadi Halfa, Dongola, Meroe, Atbara, Kassala, Gedaref, Madani, Kosti, Damazin, Kadugli, Talodi, Nyala Zalingei, el-Geneina.

The Third Level

Towns: Cities within the range of 100,000 people, such as al Daein, Babanusa, Abu Jubeiha, al-Nahud, Umm Rawaba, Bara, al-Duwaim, al-Qatina, Rafaa, Shendi, Berber, Tokar, al-Qalabat, Qaisan.

The common factor between these three levels is that they constitute a “development hub” with different amounts, and this requires that each city have its own developmental characteristics, for example, the city of Atbara remains the center of railway management and engineering, Kosti, the center of river transport, Qadarif and al-Ubayyid the centers of crop markets, and so on…

But necessarily there is an urgent need to consider the construction of new cities that target urban spaces on the Sudanese map, and to form links in the railway and land transport routes between the old cities, perhaps between new cities on the road from El Fasher to al-Ubayyid, and others on the Shiryan North, cities in Butana, and necessarily coastal cities in the Red Sea.

The plan to rehabilitate cities and build new ones will open hundreds of thousands of job opportunities for Sudanese youth in various disciplines, sectors and degrees, in what could be the largest development project for the remainder of the decade leading to 2030.

To achieve this plan, it was suggested that a ministry specialized in the rehabilitation and construction of cities be established to follow up on the design and implementation of practical plans to ensure the highest efficiency in arranging its priorities.


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